The “wind farm sitting” challenge aims to:
- determine the suitability of sites for wind farm development in the Black Sea area in particular:
- on border between Bulgarian and Romanian waters
- on border between Turkish and Bulgarian waters
- on border between Turkish and Georgian waters
- evaluate the fitness for use of upstream data:
- All aspects should be considered – wind strength, seafloor geology, environmental impact, distance from grid, shipping lanes – even if one of the factors makes this a no-go scenario.
- The suitability of sites should also determine whether a floating or fixed wind farm would be more appropriate.
The workflow is made of three major activities:
Activity 1: to search for upstream data to meet challenge requirements
- Air characteristics
- Marine water characteristics
- Bathymetry and Sea bed characteristics
- Biota/biology characteristics
- Maritime traffic and other human activity spatial distribution
Activity 2: to build and analyze data base, produce challenge outputs for GIS use
Activity 3: to deliver checkpoint information, and report assessment in results in the Literature Survey and Data Adequacy Reports.
- National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, NKUA, Greece (Leader)
- Institute of Оceanology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, IO-BAS, Bulgaria
- National Institute for Marine Research and Development “Grigore Antipa”, NIMRD, Romania
- Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, USOF, Bulgaria
- Which input information is looked for, discoverable ?
Inputs for this Challenge will come from the existing EMODnet thematic portals, the Copernicus/GMES Service, data sets developed in EU FP7 projects and data sets from network operators.Data sets of relevance are:
- high resolution meteo analyses from EU FP7 previous projects;
- high resolution wave analyses from models developed in EU FP7 previous projects and observations;
- shipping lines from AIS data made available from EMSA;
- bathymetry (numerical values and maps) from EMODnet Thematic Portal;
- seafloor geology from EMODnet Thematic Portal;
- benthic ecosystem structure from EMODnet Thematic Portal;
- electric grid position from network operators and public bodies;
- bird migratory patterns (from literature)
- Are data sets accessible ?
The Challenge will provide information on the data availability in a standardized way plus terms of access and use.
- How appropriate for use are the data ?
The Challenge will provide information on the data appropriateness in standardized way plus descriptive text of strengths and weakness regarding the appropriateness of upstream data used. It will include a rationale for non selection of unused input data.
The Wind Farm Siting Challenge products will include:
- A high resolution wind-wave-tides database for the Black Sea area with complementary data for bathymetry, geology, ecosystem and habitats
- Assessment of the available database through a detailed statistical analysis
- Assessment of the confidence limits of the data sets for the test regions